Once you get past the layouts and color palletes, most browsers seem pretty similar. But what sets them apart is under the hood. Take Internet Explorer and Chrome, for example. Currently their main differences include Cross Platform Availability, Webpage Rendering and manufacturer.
Microsoft Internet Explorer has been the primary Web browser for computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system. This browser is integrated into the windows operating system and configured as the default web browser application for a windows computer out of the box. Microsoft Internet Explorer is currently only available for the Windows computer; their support for Apple (mac osx) and other desktop computers has been discontinued.
Google Chrome is Google’s answer to web browsing based on the open source WebKit viewing engine. This popular and acclaimed web browser is available cross-platform for download on Windows, Apple (Mac OSX), and Linux Operating Systems.
As mentioned, the average user will notice mostly aesthetic differences. Internet Explorer closely mirrors the Glossy windows buttons to match the look and feel and user experience offered on a Windows based operating system. Chrome, on the other hand, sports the minimal Google look and feel with fewer buttons and interface elements in plain sight. Chrome “skins” can be downloaded to modify the colors and graphics of the application itself.
Other than aesthetics the other key difference is how the browsers render pages. Google’s Chrome browser uses the WebKit Open source browser engine, which supports popular HTML5 based techniques such as page animations, transitions and support for more in depth multimedia content using something called Canvas. Mac enthusiasts might have heard the term WebKit when listening to presentations about various Apple software and hardware devices. Examples include Mac Osx’s Safari browser and Ipad/ipod devices which also run on the open source standards inspired browsing engine WebKit.
Internet Explorer on the other hand can directly access the windows system since it is closely integrated into the operations system using Direct X. Some argue that this increases the need to run an Antivirus/Anti-malware application.
Many users argue that WebKit based browsers offer a faster processing of pages due to the engine used, but these results differ depending on the testing device hardware and software configurations.
For additional information on Google Chrome, Microsoft Internet Explorer and the other technologies mentioned above see the below links:
Microsoft Internet Explorer: